The Gargoyles



CATHEDRALS

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The cathedrals were made from about 1040 to about 1540. These buildings were originally made for christianity and religous reasons. To begin, they were built in the shape of a rectangle, but later on, cathedrals were designed and built in a shape of a cross, and have it be large enough to see the cathedral from the heavens. Some cathedrals took hundreds of years to complete, and they were all funded by citizens of the town, hoping that the cathedral would free them of their sins.external image duntsml.jpg

These cathedrals would show pride and affection to the people. They were also known as the church and throne to the priest. These cathedrals were not always known as cathedrals, to become a cathedral, they had to be the headquarters for a bishop. If the bishop would leave, the cathedral would techically only be a regular church. Cathedrals were used for primarily the same reasons that we use churches today, such as place to pray and worship, weddings, funerals, and etc. but were also used for meeting spots because they normally the largest building in the town or city for all the people to gather.


Uses and symbolism of medieval cathedrals
History and organization of Cathedrals

GARGOYLES

Gargoyles are strange stone figures which are half human and half animal. They sit on edges of buildings to act as a waterspout so they catch the water when it rains so it can flow off the roof. Stoneworkers who created them, said they represented their friends in the grotesque form. Gargoyles were also used to help atract church goers so they would feel protected inside the church.

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Group Name – The Gargoyles
Your topic is the Medieval Cathedral

Focus primarily on the English Medieval Cathedrals. Look at the way they were built, the time and money needed to construct these structures. Why were they built? What role did the guilds have? What characterizes an English Gothic Cathedral? What role did the Church members have in their planning, etc.?